This report contains research by the IES which considers the main characteristics and consequences of gender gaps in labour market participation, employment and economic status. IES contributed to research in partnership with Istituto per la Ricerca Sociale (IRS) and Laboratorio Revelli.

The report looks at the main determinants of female labour market participation and how these factors interact with both individual and household characteristics, focusing on:

  1. the economic loss to the EU of the gender gap in employment;
  2. the social effects of women’s participation in the labour market; and
  3. the effectiveness of policy measures promoting the labour market participation of women in six Member States (Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK).
Download You will be taken to another website.